At the Battle of Lugdunum in 197, Severus defeated and killed Albinus, establishing himself as Emperor. Julia Domna was born in Emesa (modern day Homs) in Syria around 160 AD[6] By offering Clodius Albinus, a powerful governor of Britannia, the rank of Caesar (successor), Severus could focus on his other rival to the throne, Pescennius Niger, whom he defeated at the Battle of Issus in 194. [41] Domna seems to have introduced the wearing of wigs, a custom of Assyrians, to Rome. Después de ofrecer el título de César (sucesor) al poderoso gobernador de Britania, Clodio Albino, Severo se centró en acabar con otro rival por el trono, Pescenio Níger, a quien derrotó en la batalla de Issos en 194. Kettenhofen E., "Die syrischen Augustae in der historischen Überlieferung". Después de que el mayor de sus hijos, Caracalla, comenzara a gobernar con su padre, fue co-emperatriz brevemente con la esposa de este, Fulvia Plautila, hasta que esta última cayó en desgracia. [38] Domna's body was brought to Rome and placed in the Sepulcrum C. et L. Caesaris (perhaps a separate chamber in the Mausoleum of Augustus). Así, Julia se convirtió en emperatriz consorte. [28]​ El cadáver de Julia Domna fue llevado a Roma e inhumado en el Sepulcrum C. et L. Caesaris, que quizás era una cámara separada en el Mausoleo de Augusto. Hacía pocos años que su ciudad natal pertenecía al imperio en calidad de capital autónoma de una dinastía hereditaria. [2]​ Su nombre, Domna, es una palabra árabe arcaica que significa «negro»,[3]​ en referencia a la naturaleza de El-Gabal, que tomó la forma de una piedra negra. She was born in Emesa (present-day Homs) in Roman Syria to an Arab family of priests of the deity Elagabalus.In 187, she married Libyan-born Septimius Severus, who at the time was governor of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis.They had two sons, Caracalla and Geta. She received titles such as "Mother of the Invincible Camps". [33] She also influenced Roman fashion: the hairstyle that she used would later be worn by Roman empress Cornelia Salonina and Palmyran queen Zenobia. Several medallions for Domna were issued by Severus as early as 207, on the reverses of which is "Vesta Mater" (Mother Vesta), which, according to Molly M. Lindner, "could refer to an invocation to Vesta during prayers and supplications that the Vestal Virgins made whenever they prayed publicly". An elder senator, Pertinax, was appointed by the Praetorian Guard as the new emperor of Rome. [28] Geta's name was then removed from inscriptions and his image erased as the result of a damnatio memoriae. El conflicto terminó en 197 con la derrota de todos los oponentes de Septimio Severo. «Premio Planeta 2018: Santiago Posteguillo triunfa con su libro 'Yo, Julia, «Empress Julia Domna 170-217 Patron of Philostratus & Apollonius of Tyana's Pythagorean Philosophy», Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported, https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Julia_Domna&oldid=130944148, Emperatrices de la Antigua Roma del siglo II, Emperatrices de la Antigua Roma del siglo III, Wikipedia:Artículos buenos en la Wikipedia en inglés, Wikipedia:Artículos destacados en la Wikipedia en alemán, Wikipedia:Páginas con traducciones del italiano, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores VIAF, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores ISNI, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores BNF, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores CANTIC, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores LCCN, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. [25] According to Lindner, While some scholars have proposed that Julia Domna's medallions commemorate the restoration of the Temple of Vesta by the empress, Melanie Grunow Sobocinski pointed out that [the temple] burned down in 191, whereas Julia Domna's use of Vestal iconography does not occur until 207. Los dos jóvenes nunca se llevaron bien y tuvieron numerosas disputas. [a] After the elder of her sons, Caracalla, started ruling with his father, she was briefly co-empress with Caracalla's wife, Fulvia Plautilla, until the latter fell into disgrace. "[20] Honorary titles were granted to Domna similar to those given to Faustina the Younger, including "Mother of the Invincible Camps",[21][a] and Mater Augustus (Mother of Augustus). [7] Her name, Domna, is an archaic Arabic word meaning "black",[8][9] referencing the nature of Elagabal which took the form of a black stone. [11]​, En 193 Septimio Severo reclamó el título de emperador. Como emperatriz, Julia fue célebre por su influencia política, social y filosófica, así como por recibir los títulos de mater castrorum —«madre de los campamentos militares»—. Later, however, both her bones and those of Geta were transferred by Maesa to the Mausoleum of Hadrian. [7]​ El enlace se demostró afortunado, porque Severo apreciaba a Julia y sus opiniones políticas debido a que era una mujer culta y estudiante de filosofía. Esta página se editó por última vez el 15 nov 2020 a las 11:14. [12]​, A diferencia de la mayoría de las consortes de emperadores romanos, Julia acompañó a su marido en las campañas militares y acampó con las legiones. [18]​, Cuando murió Severo en 211 en la ciudad de Eboracum, actual York en Inglaterra, Julia pasó a ser la mediadora entre sus dos hijos, Caracalla y Geta, que se suponía que iban a gobernar como co emperadores de acuerdo con el deseo expresado por su padre en las últimas voluntades. As empress, Domna was famous for her political, social, and philosophical influence. Tiempo después sus restos y los de Geta fueron transferidos por orden de Julia Maesa al Mausoleo de Adriano. [23]​ La emperatriz también influyó en la moda romana: sus peinados fueron después copiados por la emperatriz Salonina, esposa de Galieno, y por la reina Zenobia de Palmira. Bowman, Alan; Garnsey, Averil; Cameron (2005). Benario, H. W. (1958). So Severus sought her as his wife. «The Portraits of Julia Domna from the Years 193–211 A.D. and the Dynastic Propaganda of L. Septimius Severus». The title Pia Felix Augusta (Latin: [ˈpi.a ˈfeːliːks au̯ˈɡusta]) which she received after Severus' death was "perhaps a way of implying that Domna had absorbed and was continuing her husband's attributes" after his death.[24]. [13] The marriage proved happy, and Severus cherished Domna and her political opinions. She was born in Emesa (present-day Homs) in Roman Syria to an Arab family[2] of priests of the deity Elagabalus. Severo decidió convertir a esa mujer, que era Domna, en su esposa. [5] Her sons succeeded to the throne. However, the two young men had a discordant relationship,[27] and Geta was murdered by Caracalla's soldiers in December of the same year. After the death of Domna, her older sister Julia Maesa successfully contended for political power. [18], Unlike most imperial wives, Domna remarkably accompanied her husband on his military campaigns and stayed in camp with the army.
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