Zoological exhibits featuring purpose-built enclosures for little penguins can be seen in Australia at the Adelaide Zoo, Melbourne Zoo, the National Zoo & Aquarium in Canberra, Perth Zoo, Caversham Wildlife Park (Perth), Ballarat Wildlife Park, Sea Life Sydney Aquarium[178] and the Taronga Zoo in Sydney. Photos of the board have gone viral and gained the aquarium a large worldwide social media following. For the extinct penguin genus, see, Banks, Jonathan C.; Mitchell, Anthony D.; Waas, Joseph R. & Paterson, Adrian M. (2002): An unexpected pattern of molecular divergence within the blue penguin (, Rodríguez, A., Chiaradia, A., Wasiak, P., Renwick, L., and Dann, P.(2016) ", Flemming, S.A., Lalas, C., and van Heezik, Y. [37] Little penguins preen their feathers to keep them waterproof. In the 20th century, little penguins were intentionally shot or caught by fishermen to use as bait in pots for catching Southern rock lobster (also known as crayfish) or by line fishermen. The little penguin (Eudyptula minor) is the smallest species of penguin.It grows to an average of 33 cm (13 in) in height and 43 cm (17 in) in length, though specific measurements vary by subspecies. [23] A report released in 2011 presented evidence supporting the listing of the statewide population or the more closely monitored sub-population from Gulf St. Vincent as Vulnerable under South Australia's National Parks & Wildlife Act 1972. [27] Little penguins can also be seen in the vicinity of the St Kilda, Victoria pier and breakwater. 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[43], Since the year 2000, the little penguins of Port Phillip Bay's diet has consisted mainly of barracouta, anchovy, and arrow squid. The population there was believed to have fallen from 2000 birds to 200. Their flippers are blue in colour. The decline is believed to be mainly due to loss of suitable habitat, attacks by foxes and dogs and disturbance at nesting sites.[17]. These locations also often provide facilities and volunteer staff to support population surveys, habitat improvement works and little penguin research programs. During this time, the island was privately leased. Overfishing is a potential (but not proven) threat to the little penguin. [1] Efforts are being made to protect penguins in Australia from the likely future increased occurrence of extreme heat events. Similar preferences were found in the Adélie penguin, yellow-eyed penguin and Magellanic penguin. The island had been ravaged by a fire which began with a lightning strike and destroyed 85% of the penguin's natural habitat. Visitors later reported finding dead penguins there with their feet burned off. Nancy. Researcher Belinda Cannell of Murdoch University found that over a quarter of penguins found dead in the area had been killed by boats. It was believed that they were killed by people poking sticks down burrows before scattering the dead bodies around,[119] though a dog attack is also possible. The penguins are one of three species on exhibit and are part of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums' Species Survival Plan for little blue penguins.
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